Published on Dec. 26, 2020, 5:33 p.m.

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A 53-year-old woman has had a high fever and cough productive of yellowish sputum for the past 2 days. Her vital signs include temperature of 37.8°C, pulse of 83/min, respirations of 17/min, and blood pressure of 100/60 mm Hg. On auscultation of the chest, crackles are audible in both lung bases. A chest radiograph shows bilateral patchy pulmonary infiltrates and fluid in the right pleural cavity. Thoracentesis yields 500 mL of cloudy yellow fluid. Which of the following inflammatory cell types is most likely to be seen in greatly increased numbers in a sputum specimen?

(A) Macrophages 
(B) Neutrophils
(C) Mast cells 
(D) Small lymphocytes 

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