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Basics in Genetics -
The specific DNA sequence at a locus is termed a genotype. In diploid somatic cells a genotype may be:
• Homozygous if the individual has the same allele on both homologs (homologous chromosomes) at that locus.
• Heterozygous if the individual has different alleles on the two homologs (homologous chromosomes) at that locus.
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